Nginx Web Server Administration Course Contents: 1. Introduction and Installation of NGINX WebServer Introduction Installing NGINX using a package manager CentOS Debian Installing NGINX from source Preparing a build environment Compiling from source Configuring for web or mail service.
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and. configuration. sections. Just like Nginx allows you to define configuration
settings at various levels (http, server, location, if), Apache also has its own
sections. The section list is described as follows together with a configuration
Works as technology consultant in France, specialized in web and Microsoft.NET development as well as Linux server administration. Since 2005, he has been administering a major network of websites in his spare time. This eventually led him to discover Nginx: it made such a. NGINX is one of the most widely used web servers available today, in part because of its capabilities as a load balancer and reverse proxy server for HTTP and other network protocols. The 2019 edition of this popular cookbook provides more than 80 practical recipes to help you set up and use this open source server to solve problems in various.
Author: Martin Bjerretoft Fjordvald
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
View: 960Make the most of your infrastructure and serve pages faster than ever with Nginx. Key Features Discover possible interactions between Nginx and Apache to get the best of both worlds Learn to exploit the features offered by Nginx for your web applications Get your hands on the most updated version of Nginx (1.13.2) to support all your web administration requirements Book Description Nginx is a lightweight HTTP server designed for high-traffic websites, with network scalability as the primary objective. With the advent of high-speed internet access, short loading times and fast transfer rates have become a necessity. This book is a detailed guide to setting up Nginx in ways that correspond to actual production situations: as a standalone server, as a reverse proxy, interacting with applications via FastCGI, and more. In addition, this complete direct reference will be indispensable at all stages of the configuration and maintenance processes. This book mainly targets the most recent version of Nginx (1.13.2) and focuses on all the new additions and improvements, such as support for HTTP/2, improved dynamic modules, security enhancements, and support for multiple SSL certificates. This book is the perfect companion for both Nginx beginners and experienced administrators. For beginners, it will take you through the complete process of setting up this lightweight HTTP server on your system and configuring its various modules so that it does exactly what you need quickly and securely. For more experienced administrators, this book provides different approaches that can help you make the most of your current infrastructure. Nginx can be employed in many situations, whether you are looking to construct an entirely new web-serving architecture or simply want to integrate an efficient tool to optimize your site loading speeds. What you will learn Download and install Nginx on your system Prepare a basic configuration and test your initial setup Discover the core functionality of the HTTP module Make the most of first- and third-party Nginx modules Set up Nginx to work with PHP, Python, and other applications Learn how to set up Nginx to work with Apache Fully replace Apache with Nginx Optimize your architecture with threads or load balancing Identify errors in configuration and learn basic troubleshooting techniques Consult the exhaustive directive and module index for reference Who this book is for This book is a perfect match to web administrators who are interested in solutions to optimize their infrastructure. Whether you are looking into replacing your existing web server software or integrating a new tool to cooperate with applications that are already up and running, this book is your ideal resource.
Finding Feature Information
Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table.
Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.
Information About Nginx/HTTP Web Security Features
SSL/TLS Version for HTTP secure-server -- This enhancement is used to specify the TLS version to be used for HTTPS Server and HTTPS client sessions.
HTTPS Server command -- By default, it supports three versions. If you want to use a particular version for the sessions, you can specify by configuring the ip http tls-version command in global configuration mode. The versions are TLSv1.0, TLSv1.1, and TLSv1.2.
HTTPS Client command -- By default, it supports three versions. If you want to use a particular version for the sessions, you can specify by configuring the ip http client tls-version command in global configuration mode. The versions are TLSv1.0, TLSv1.1, and TLSv1.2.
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- Security Header Enhancements
HTTP Server – The following headers are the web server security enhancements. The actual headers and respective values appear in the response by default:
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block -- This header indicates that XSS protection is enabled [ value 1 ] and if the browser finds any attack, it should block rendering the page.
X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN - Allows the contents to be rendered in a frame if it belongs to the same domain.
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff - Prevents the browser from doing MIME-type sniffing.
Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=7884000 - Strict-Transport-Security HTTP header. Use the [no] ip http HSTS-Header to enable/disable this header for IOS applications. By default, it is enabled and use the no ip http HSTS-Header command disable this header from the response.
- Nginx – Web user interface - Nginx applications take care of the headers for their response. As Web UI is one of the NginX application, it adds the security headers. The three headers are the following: